Just like humans and animals, plants can also get sick. There are different ways in which this can happen, but the most important thing to do, is to make sure you start off right. Buying healthy plants and making sure the conditions are not conducive to bacteria or virus growth, is your best way to go. There are things you can do to try and prevent disease spreading through your garden. Here’s what to do:
Don’t buy ‘bad’ plants. Educate yourself on what good plants, their roots, their leaves, etc. look like. If you know which things to look for in a healthy plant, you will be better able to avoid buying sick plants.
Fall is the time to clean up the garden. Many of your plants will most likely need some cleaning and pruning during the fall. Clean away dead leaves and stems and any other debris that could harbour diseases. Removing the dead parts is the best way to help prevent infestation or to control any existing diseases.
Use the right fertilizer for your plants and garden. If you use the wrong type of fertilizer, you could burn the roots of your plants. This reduces their ability to absorb water which in turn makes the plants vulnerable for disease and stress. Plants that are under stress are easy to infect. Approach professionals to help you determine what type of fertilizer will be best for your soil and your plants.
Monitor your plants for insect activity. Damage caused by insects can promote infestation of viruses or diseases. These bad elements need an entry into the plant and insect damage gives them that. Keep an eye on the insect activity in and around your plants and make sure that they are not opening doors for disease.
Water the plants properly. All plants don’t need the same amount of water and how you water them is very important. Try using methods that doesn’t wet the foliage too much as this makes the plant vulnerable to disease. Try and only water the roots and use sprinkling or trickling methods of watering.
Follow these simple things to help keep your garden healthy.